More Than Flavor and Aroma: Cannabis Terpenes 101
What Are Cannabis Terpenes?
Among the most unique defining elements of the Sativa L cannabis species are the distinctive aromatic characteristics of the various cannabis strains. Cannabis terpenes in marijuana and hemp Sativa are the plant compounds responsible for that pungent scent which so often leads to amusing cannabis nicknames such as "lemon skunk", "lavender", and "banana OG".
The cannabis species features over 200 distinct terpenes which scientists believe evolved primarily to protect the plant in the wild from insects and predation. Terpenes derived from the essential oils from all sorts of plant species have found a role in aromatic therapy, each with its own distinct effects such as promoting calm, boosting energy, and alleviating insomnia.
In the Sativa cannabis plant family, terpenes are secreted by the same resin glands which manufacture the psychoactive, euphoria-generating, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) cannabinoid, and the non-psychoactive but pharmacologically powerful CBD (cannabidiol) cannabinoid. Not surprisingly, ongoing research is pointing to terpenes as potent sources for therapeutic benefits all their own, as well as playing important roles in the powerful "entourage effect" of the THC and CBD cannabinoids.
The boom in CBD popularity and the synergistic or "entourage effect" of terpenes has put them in the health and wellness spotlight in recent years, especially among cannabis consumers. Terpenes aren't limited to the cannabis family, however. There are 20,000 terpene varieties available in the array of plants found on the planet. As we'll see in this article from the hemp experts at Modern Nature, terpenes have a far more important role to play in the emerging field of naturopathic therapy beyond providing pleasant flavor and aroma.
Why are terpenes relevant to MoNa (Modern Nature) CBD users?
MoNa's satisfied CBD consumers are already familiar with the potent beneficial effects of cannabinoids in the brain and throughout the body. Our full spectrum CBD products are specifically tailored for Relieved stress and support for a healthy inflammation response. Terpenes in our doctor-endorsed full spectrum P.hD formulas promote a Rested calming effect to enhance sleep and provide a Relaxed state of overall wellbeing for muscle recovery and stress alleviation after a demanding day at work or an intense training session at the gym.
At MoNa, we've discussed the importance of the synergistic effects in our vegan-friendly formulas which combine the potent cannabinoid actions of CBD with the time-proven benefits of Ayurvedic herbs in several educational articles at our blog. The synergistic effect in hemp-derived CBD products requires that the CBD source is a full spectrum whole plant derivative to optimize results. Terpenes are a vital part of that full spectrum of plant essentials. Below are some of the most prominent cannabis terpenes which contribute to the powerful full spectrum entourage effect in MoNa CBD products derived from the whole-hemp cannabis plant.
Myrcene- This is the most commonly occurring terpene in the cannabis family, well-known for its potent sedative effects. Research is indicating that myrcene levels in various cannabis strains can be used as a yardstick to predict a sedative "Indica effect" or an alert and energetic "Sativa effect".
L-theanine is a terpene isolated from green tea and is an essential part of all of our synergistic MoNa CBD formulas. This amino acid terpene is known for promoting:
- stress relief
- reduction in anxiety
- sharper reflexes
- alertness and cognitive clarity
Limonene is a prominent terpene in many cannabis strains and is associated with the fruity scent of citrus. Limonene improves absorption through the skin as well as mucous membranes and the intestinal tract. Limonene has shown promising potential in a host of therapeutic applications including:
- Enhanced mood
- Relief from stress
- Antifungal action
- Antibacterial action
- Helps alleviate heartburn and gastric reflux syndrome
Linalool is known for its aromatic flowery scent and is found in over 200 different plants. Linalool is an essential oil in lavender and is frequently used in perfumed personal products such as soaps and shampoos. Linalool may be one of the most important CBD enhancing terpenes, demonstrating many of the pharmacological actions which can provide a pronounced synergistic effect in full spectrum CBD.
- analgesic (painkilling)
- calming sedative effect
Pinene- This fresh pine scented terpene demonstrates a "get up and go" effect which promotes alertness and higher energy levels. Pinene can also be found in pine trees, sage, and rosemary. As with most terpenes, pinene demonstrates several therapeutic benefits including
- antiseptic (helps resist bacterial infection)
How to Use Cannabis Terpenes
THC and CBD have dominated the cannabis industry as well as the resulting cannabis research on sustainable natural therapy until recently. As a recent article at 420 Intelpoints out, terpenes have moved into the research spotlight and are now quite a hot topic in the cannabis sector. Terpenes are the reason each cannabis strain has its unique scent, but more than that they may be used to differentiate between the effects of the various strains to target specific disorders and symptoms. Terpenes may also find a role in increasing or regulating the psychoactive and health effects of THC as well as enhancing the wide array of daily supplement benefits attributed to CBD.
Terpenes and Terpenoids
Terpenes are the naturally occurring molecular combinations of carbon and hydrogen produced by the cannabis plant's trichomes. Trichomes are the sticky, shiny, mushroom-shaped crystals which develop on the cannabis leaves and buds. Terpenoids are terpenes which have undergone a drying and curing process to manipulate the oxygen content of the terpene molecules.
Health benefits of Cannabis Terpenes
Classification of the hundreds of unique terpenes falls into 4 general categories, distinguished by scent. These are sweet, sour, spicy, and bitter. Distinguishing the terpene groups by aroma helps consumers select the best terpenes for achieving their personal health goals. Generally, lemon-scented strains, especially in marijuana plants, sustain energy and boost euphoric effects. The earthy clove-like aroma of myrcene can tip off the cannabis consumer that the strain is likely to produce a calming effect and is useful as an anti-inflammatory supplement. Linalool is sought out for its anti-seizure and pain relieving properties.
Cannabis Terpenes vs CBD oil
While both terpenes and cannabinoids are produced by the various cannabis strains of hemp and marijuana, terpenes are also found in many other non-cannabis plant sources. While the THC vs CBD discussion has been the primary topic for cannabis connoisseurs, especially since the discovery of the endocannabinoid system, terpenes are coming under close scrutiny for their own promising therapeutic value. Terpenes are also used to manipulate the psychoactive nature of THC in marijuana strains to produce a variety of different mental highs. In this way, recreational marijuana from the same harvest can be used to serve up different effects ranging from the sedative "couch lock" to "get up and go". In medicinal marijuana strains, terpenes and significantly increased CBD content can be used to boost or inhibit certain therapeutic actions as required by the user.
Terpenes in hemp provide the full spectrum entourage effect when combined with the CBD cannabinoid as well, but without the psychoactive high that may be undesired when physical coordination and mental clarity are the priority. At MoNa, all of our whole hemp extract products are full spectrum formulas, but it's important to remember that legal hemp doesn't contain any significant level of mind-altering THC, with just trace levels below .03%.
Terpenes and the Full Spectrum Power of CBD in a Capsule at Modern Nature
At Modern Nature, our product lineup with full spectrum CBD packs all of the potency and therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol, terpenes, and other beneficial cannabinoids without the psychoactive effects of THC into each capsule. In short, MoNa CBD gets you better without getting you high. MoNa capsules, as well as our water-soluble Vitality liquid, take the guesswork out of how much CBD, terpenes, and beneficial Ayurvedic herbs you need to take each day for optimized health and wellbeing. Each capsule provides a precisely measured dose of potent CBD from whole-hemp extract, with the essential vitamins and traditional natural herbs known throughout the ages for their health-enhancing properties.
If you're new to Modern Nature we're offering a 25% discount on our starter pack as our way of introducing you to the new era of sustainable health with CBD. The starter pack contains all 3 of our CBD formulas tailored to suit your personal therapeutic goals from achieving a sound night's sleep, to managing anxiety and stress, to enhancing your personal fitness. Our new Vitality water-soluble CBD liquid provides even more dosing versatility for CBD relief which is faster, tastes better, and is up to 9 times more potent than oil-based CBD tinctures.
In the booming CBD market, it's important to remember that all CBD products are not created equal. All Modern Nature products are derived from high-quality sun-grown hemp from Oregon and Colorado. All MoNa CBD products are independently lab tested to ensure quality. When you're ready to take advantage of the abundant healing properties provided by Mother Nature without addictive chemicals and debilitating side effects, you're ready for Modern Nature.